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Vancouver, (Canada):Results for 129 countries measured by a new Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Gender Index released today by Equal Measures 2030 show that the world is far from achieving gender equality, with 1.4 billion girls and women living in countries that get a “very poor” failing grade on gender equality.
The SDG Gender Index, launched today at the 2019 Women Deliver Conference, is the most comprehensive tool available to measure the state of gender equality aligned to the SDGs. The index, covering 14 of the 17 SDGs, measures countries on 51 issues ranging from health, gender-based violence, climate change, decent work and others.
The global average score of the 129 countries—which represents 95% of the world’s girls and women— is 65.7 out of 100 (“poor” in the index scoring system). No one country is the world’s best performer—or even among the world’s top ten performers—across all goals or all issues.
In 2015, world leaders from all countries committed to achieve gender equality by 2030 for every girl and every woman when they signed on to the ambitious goals and targets of the SDGs.
“With just 11 years to go, our index finds that not a single one of the 129 countries is fully transforming their laws, policies or public budget decisions on the scale needed to reach gender equality by 2030. We are failing to deliver on the promises of gender equality for literally billions of girls and women,” said Alison Holder, Director of Equal Measures 2030.
Overall, the world is furthest behind on gender equality issues related to public finance and better gender data (SDG 17), climate change (SDG 13), gender equality in industry and innovation (SDG 9) and – worryingly – the standalone ‘gender equality’ goal (SDG 5).
Denmark tops the index, followed closely by Finland, Sweden, Norway, and the Netherlands. The countries with the lowest scores in the index – Niger, Yemen, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Chad – have all faced conflict and fragility in recent years.
Altogether, 2.8 billion girls and women live in countries that get either a “very poor” (59 and below) or “poor” score (60 – 69) on gender equality. Just 8% of the world’s population of girls and women live in countries that received a “good” gender equality score (80 – 89) and no country achieved an “excellent” overall score of 90 or above.
“It’s clear that even the most gender-equal countries need to improve on issues like climate change, gender budgeting and public services, equal representation in powerful positions, gender pay gaps, and gender-based violence,” said Holder.
The index also shows that countries with far fewer resources are still able to tackle key gender inequalities. Senegal, for example, has a higher percentage of women in parliament (42%) than Denmark (37%), despite Denmark’s GDP per capita being 56 times higher than that of Senegal. Kenya, has very high rates of women who use digital banking (75%) – higher rates than three quarters of the world’s countries. Colombia has better coverage of social assistance (81%) amongst its poorest people than the United States (65%), a higher-income country.
“This report should serve as a wakeup call to the world. We won’t meet the SDGs with 40% of girls and women living in countries that are failing on gender equality,” said Melinda Gates, Co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. “But the SDG Gender Index also shows that progress is possible. Many countries with the most limited resources are making huge strides in removing the barriers for girls and women across economies, politics and society – demonstrating that when it comes to gender equality, governments shouldn’t have excuses for inaction.”
The 129 countries featured in the index cover five regions – Asia and the Pacific, Europe and North America, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa.
EM2030 developed the SDG Gender Index as a tool to help advocates to identify issues where countries are falling behind or performing well and to effectively influence policymakers to drive change for girls and women.
Moving forward, all countries – even the top 20 performers in the index – need to tackle outstanding issues to reach the “last mile” on gender equality, such as climate change, gender budgeting and public services, gender-based violence and more. They must also look at which groups of girls and women might be invisible in national averages and at risk of being left behind, because of factors such as race, religion, sexual orientation, and other factors that compound gender discrimination.
Finally, it is imperative that the global community provides investment and support to fragile and conflict-affected countries – those with the lowest scores in the Index, such as Yemen, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo and Chad.
“As advocates for gender equality in Africa, we can no longer operate on presumptions and approximations. Gaps of inequalities must be marked, counted and recorded so that the trail of implementation is clear and decision makers are held to account. The SDG Gender Index will help to ensure that Africa’s girls and women are counted and accounted for,” said Memory Kachambwa, Executive Director of the African Women’s Development and Communication Network (FEMNET).
While some issues are lagging far behind, dedicated international efforts appear to have made a difference on other issues. Overall, countries have performed best on issues where coordinated and
concerted policy focus and funding has been directed over the past 10-20 years, including on hunger and nutrition (SDG 2), water and sanitation (SDG 6), health (SDG 3) and education (SDG 4).
“With 8,000 decision-makers, advocates, and influencers gathered in Vancouver as part of the Women Deliver Conference, and over 100,000 participating around the world, we have the collective power to drive real progress on these gender equality scores and create real impact for girls and women,” said Katja Iversen, President/CEO of Women Deliver.
- The SDG Gender Index, developed by Equal Measures 2030, is the most comprehensive tool available to explore the state of gender equality across 129 countries (covering 95% of the world’s girls and women), 14 of the 17 SDGs, and 51 targets linked to issues aligned to the SDGs.
- The 2019 SDG Gender Index is a snapshot of where the world stands, as close to today as possible based on available data, linked to the vision of gender equality set forth by the 2030 Agenda. The next iteration of the index will be launched in 2021 and updated regularly until 2030.
- The overall index score and individual goal scores are based on a scale of 0-100. A score of 100 reflects the achievement of gender equality in relation to the targets set for each indicator in the index (for example, that 100% of girls’ complete secondary education or that there is around 50-50 parity for women and men in Parliament). A score of 50 signifies that a country is about halfway to meeting that goal.
Not one of the 129 countries has fully achieved the promise of gender equality envisioned in the SDGs. The global average score of 65.7 out of 100 is “poor” in the index scoring system.
No one country is the world’s best performer—or even among the world’s top ten performers— across all goals or all indicators.
The highest scoring 10 countries by overall index score: Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Netherlands, Slovenia, Germany, Canada, Ireland, and Australia.
The lowest scoring 10 countries by overall Index score: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nigeria, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Yemen, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Chad – all appear in OECD’s 2018 list of fragile states.
Overall, countries have performed best on issues where coordinated and concerted policy focus and funding has been directed over the past 10-20 years, including on hunger and nutrition (SDG 2), water and sanitation (SDG 6), health (SDG 3) and education (SDG 4).
Asia and the Pacific (regional average score: 64.6/100)
Europe and North America (regional average score: 79.1/100)
Latin America and the Caribbean (regional average score: 66.5/100)
Middle East and North Africa (regional average score: 60.8/100)
Sub-Saharan Africa (regional average score 51.1/100)
Overall, higher income countries are more likely to have greater gender equality than lower-income countries. But the data show that this is not always the case:
Finland, Georgia, Greece, Kyrgyzstan, Malawi, Rwanda, Slovenia, and Viet Nam, among others — have higher gender equality scores than would be expected based on their GDP per capita.
Botswana, Iraq, Malaysia, South Korea, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States, among others — have lower gender equality scores than might be expected given their income levels.
About Equal Measures 2030
Equal Measures 2030 (EM2030) is a joint effort of leading regional and global organizations from civil society and the development and private sectors. We work to ensure that girls’ and women’s movements, advocates and champions have the data they need, when they need them, and in a form they can use to guide and drive the ambitious policy, law and budget decisions needed to meet existing commitments made by governments in the SDGs to achieve gender equality.
The current partnership is a joint effort of leading regional and global organizations from civil society and the development and private sectors, including: the African Women’s Development and Communication Network (FEMNET), Asian-Pacific Resource and Research Centre for Women (ARROW), Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Comité de América Latina y El Caribe para la Defensa de los Derechos de la Mujer (CLADEM), Data2X, the International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC), KPMG International, ONE Campaign, Plan International and Women Deliver.
Source: WD2019 Media